Information About Brokerage Services Form Explained In Detail

If you’ve been talking with Texas real estate agents, looking for someone to hire, every agent you interviewed should have given you a copy of the “Information of Brokerage Services” form and asked you to sign a copy for their records. By now, you’re probably thinking, “what is this form and why is every agent insistent on my signing it?” First of all, don’t worry, this form doesn’t obligate you to anything and, with the exception of open houses, every real estate agent licensed in Texas is required to present you with a copy of this form on your first meaningful contact with that agent. If an agent you’re interviewing doesn’t show you this form then don’t hire them. If they fail to follow this state mandated requirement, what other disclosures or representation agreements will they forget to show you?

This form basically summarizes the different types of representation an agent can perform and you need to know what types of coverage and service you can expect from that type of representation. A copy of the original form can be found on the Texas Real Estate Commission website at Here is a breakdown of that form explained in detail with a few recommendations along the way.

Information About Brokerage Services

Before working with a real estate broker, you should know that the duties of a broker depend on whom the broker represents. If you are a prospective seller or landlord (owner) or a prospective buyer or tenant (buyer), you should know that the broker who lists the property for sale or lease is the owner’s agent. A broker who acts as a subagent represents the owner in cooperation with the listing broker. A broker who acts as a buyer’s agent represents the buyer. A broker may act as an intermediary between the parties if the parties consent in writing. A broker can assist you in locating a property, preparing a contract or lease, or obtaining financing without representing you. A broker is obligated by law to treat you honestly.

When they use the term “Broker,” they mean the “Broker” and/or the real estate salesperson under that Broker you signed an agreement with. The first paragraph of the Info About Brokerage Service document basically sums up the three different types of representation you can receive as a client and warns you that these forms of representation only apply to the real estate agent you have signed an agreement with. If you haven’t signed an agreement with that agent, then that agent doesn’t work for you, nor does he/she represent you. That agent may be working for the other party you’re trying to negotiate with so don’t tell the other party’s agent anything you wouldn’t want their client to know. If you are the buyer then the seller’s agent does not work for you and must protect the seller’s (their client’s) best interests and NOT YOURS. Same goes for the buyer’s agent if you’re the seller. If you’re the seller and you tell the buyer’s agent that you are desperate to move and can’t believe no one has made an offer on this property in 90 days then you’ve just shot yourself in the foot. This paragraph also goes on to explain that an agent can assist you in finding a house, creating a contract or lease, or getting financing without your signing an exclusive representation agreement with that agent. A situation like this could occur if you are looking at a house, and do not have an agent. In this case, the homeowner’s agent could help you work through the process of buying a house to help his/her client. Once again, that agent isn’t doing this to help you, they’re doing it to help their client sell the house so don’t confide in that agent without first signing a representation agreement thereby hiring that agent. While other party’s agents can be helpful by giving advice on loans, etc. they can’t tell you how to best price your offer or anything like that. However, all agents are required to make all parties aware of pertinent facts regarding the property such as square footage, and other details like that. But, no matter what, whether you are their client or not, all agents are required to treat all parties honestly, but notice it didn’t say fairly so be sure to have an agent in your corner representing your interests.


The broker becomes the owner’s agent by entering into an agreement with the owner, usually through a written-listing agreement, or by agreeing to act as a subagent by accepting an offer of subagency from the listing broker. A subagent may work in a different real estate office. A listing broker or subagent can assist the buyer but does not represent the buyer and must place the interests of the owner first. The buyer should not tell the owner’s agent anything the buyer would not want the owner to know because an owner’s agent must disclose to the owner any material information known to the agent.

If the Broker represents the owner through a written listing agreement or as a subagent of that Broker, the agent can assist the buyer but must put the best interests of the homeowner first and anything the buyer tells the owner’s (seller’s) agent must be disclosed to the owner if it relates to that transaction. So, don’t tell a seller’s agent anything you, the buyer, wouldn’t tell the seller yourself because they are required to tell the owner who they are contracted to represent.


The broker becomes the buyer’s agent by entering into an agreement to represent the buyer, usually through a written buyer representation agreement. A buyer’s agent can assist the owner but does not represent the owner and must place the interests of the buyer first. The owner should not tell a buyer’s agent anything the owner would not want the buyer to know because a buyer’s agent must disclose to the buyer any material information known to the agent.

If the Broker represents the buyer then the same is true, but for buyers in this case. Agents representing the buyer may assist the owner (seller) but do not represent the owner and must place their buyer client’s interests first. They must disclose to their buyer client anything the seller mentions to that agent. So if you’re selling, don’t tell the buyer’s agent about the lack of interest your property is receiving nor should you mention anything about past offers being low. You can bet their offer will be low too.


A broker may act as an intermediary between the parties if the broker complies with The Texas Real Estate LicenseAct. The broker must obtain the written consent of each party to the transaction to act as an intermediary. The written consent must state who will pay the broker and, in conspicuous bold or underlined print, set forth the broker’s obligations as an intermediary. The broker is required to treat each party honestly and fairly and to comply with The Texas Real Estate License Act. A broker who acts as an intermediary in a transaction:
(1) shall treat all parties honestly;
(2) may not disclose that the owner will accept a price less than the asking price unless authorized in writing to do so by the owner;
(3) may not disclose that the buyer will pay a price greater than the price submitted in a written offer unless authorized in writing to do so by the buyer; and
(4) may not disclose any confidential information or any information that a party specifically instructs the broker in writing not to disclose unless authorized in writing to disclose the information or required to do so by The Texas Real Estate License Act or a court order or if the information materially relates to the condition of the property. With the parties’ consent, a broker acting as an intermediary between the parties may appoint a person who is licensed under The Texas Real Estate License Act and associated with the broker to communicate with and carry out instructions of one party and another person who is licensed under that Act and associated with the broker to communicate with and carry out instructions of the other party.

If the Broker acts as an intermediary then they basically don’t represent any party. They can assist both parties, but they really don’t represent either. Since an intermediary agent is intimate with both parties and knows how desperate the seller may be, or how much in love with the house the buyer may be, to be fair, they can’t disclose anything but known facts such as square footage, number of bedrooms, things the owner disclosed, items discovered during a home inspection, etc. They can’t help you negotiate, or offer tips or suggestions. If you’re looking for someone to guide you and fully represent you in the purchase or sale of a home then you probably don’t want to have your agent work as an intermediary. The best way to think of an intermediary is as a referee. They can’t favor one party or the other or give either party an unfair advantage. An intermediary situation usually occurs when an agent represents a buyer and that buyer wants to buy a home owned by a client of that same agent. This is one situation where I think a reduction in commission is completely warranted since you’re not getting that agent’s full support in the negotiation and thereby not getting the “full-service” that you are paying the full commission for. Since they’ll get a commission from both the buyer and seller with this transaction, they may be willing to negotiate. However, rather than save a couple of bucks, I recommend that you ask them to assign another agent to represent you for this transaction so you can get the full representation you are entitled to.

If you choose to have a broker represent you, you should enter into a written agreement with the broker that clearly establishes the broker’s obligations and your obligations. The agreement should state how and by whom the broker will be paid. You have the right to choose the type of representation, if any, you wish to receive. Your payment of a fee to a broker does not necessarily establish that the broker represents you. If you have any questions regarding the duties and responsibilities of the broker, you should resolve those questions before proceeding.

Always enter into a written contract with an agent and make sure that the contract clearly explains the broker’s (or agent’s) duties and obligations to you and your obligations to them. Be sure to thoroughly go over the payment and compensation terms of the contract and whether or not you allow that agent to work as an intermediary, and what should happen if an intermediary situation occurs. The important thing to know is that you shouldn’t sign anything you don’t completely understand. If an agent tries to rush you through the process without clearly explaining what each document states then don’t use that agent and don’t sign anything except for the Info About Brokerage Services form.

Make sure the real estate agent clearly explains this form and the differences between the types of representation because it’s vital you understand the difference. When an agent starts digging for details, you need to know if that agent is your agent, obliged to keep your secrets, or an agent working for the other party digging for dirt. You need to know when to talk and when to shut up. Agents are supposed to keep a signed copy of this form in their files to serve as a receipt showing that you received a copy of the form however they don’t always explain it fully.

REMEMBER, if they don’t show you this form at the first meaningful contact then do not hire that agent. It’s usually the first piece of information I talk about when meeting a potential client. Without showing you that form, they are already failing to adequately representing your interests and are also not complying with state regulations. These aren’t the qualities you should look for in an agent.

If you are buying or selling a house and are looking to hire a successful real estate agent to help you through the process, take a look at AgentHarvest's list of top-ranking local Realtors in your area. We found these agents by examining their sales track records, awards, rankings, client testimonials and by conducting personal interviews.

This entry was posted in Hiring an Agent and tagged , by Bill Petrey, Realtor. Bookmark the permalink.

About Bill Petrey, Realtor

Bill Petrey, the CEO and Founder of AgentHarvest, has been written about in the Los Angeles Times, Inman News, AOL Real Estate, and Inman Next, among others. He founded AgentHarvest for the sole purpose of making the process of finding a good Realtor better and easier. Bill Petrey is an author and editor of both The AgentHarvest Blog, Real Examples of Really Rotten Realty Blog, and the creator of Really Rotten Realty.

5 thoughts on “Information About Brokerage Services Form Explained In Detail

  1. Should you include the IBS form on page 8 of a sales contract as “other” and write out “Information About Brokerage Services” on the line?

    • There are times when it’s necessary to do so. In my case, I always do that when I am buying a property or selling a property that I own and I also add that I’m a licensed Realtor / buyer or seller on this transaction in the signature section of the IBS doc. I do that to cover myself so that I can prove that I informed the other party that I am a Realtor, owner or buyer of the property and I’m not representing them in any capacity.

      For the other times, I have to think that if hundreds of lawyers that have looked over and amended that contract year after year didn’t think it was important enough to add as an addendum then it’s probably a safe assumption that it’s not necessary. However, your broker may have different requirements.

  2. Hi Bill,
    Glad to see this posted in such clarity on the web. I did a quick scan over your article and give you kudos on the content. I wanted to suggest one very important edit or even just a small addition (if you already mentioned this elsewhere please forgive me for not catching it) to the first paragraph where you wrote, “…every real estate agent licensed in Texas is required to present you with a copy of this form on your first meaningful contact with that agent.”

    The edit would be in the words, “first meaningful contact.”

    I know this may seem obvious to some, you know what it’s like when you were a rookie agent and how ambiguously things can be taken or presented when it comes to this profession. With that said, I’m sure with the high ranking you have on Google, for instance, many agents would likely reference your article, and in the spirit of making sure new & seasoned agents get to keep their sanity and licenses, purposes of clarification and simple practices to make sure you disclose appropriately, I submit for your consideration the following techniques I use to train my team and offer you the opportunity to rewrite, discard, add and subtract and post this information at your discretion:

    What is Meaningful Contact (can be misinterpreted) Consider: MEANINGFUL CORRESPONDENCE AND/OR DIALOGUE
    What is meaning Correspondence
    Phone or smart device texts
    Pre-recorded hotline

    The best practices to ensure an agent always ensures the IABS is presented:
    Text: Simply make sure you always have a web link in your text message that as the link to the most up-to-date IABS form. Most phone give you the option to send a standard, customized reply or add a signature to your text(respond to all potential clients with that saved response or put it in your signature line.

    Phone: This ixs where some agents fear they will lose the lead if they don’t give substantial information. Whether the case or not, better to fear and lose 1 potential client than to to lose them all when you get your license sanctioned. A rule of thumb, as it should be to all sales professionals, is to convert the lead to a sale. You don’t do this by talking on the phone. Give the information about the asset and work your magic to get a face-to-face and then present the IABS.

    Email: Add a URL to your signature that leads to the most up-to-date version of the IABS.

    Hotlines & pre-recordings: There’s always disclaimers for doctors, lawyers, collection agency communications or advertisements. Why not adopt on of our own?
    For instance: The purchase or sale of Real Estate may in fact be the most important, single largest investment or return on investment you make, make sure to make it right and with someone who provides you the right and best representations and services. I am a ….. Agent and will give you the advantage you need to make a great decision! Please visit http://www.someweblink .com and see the responsibilities, duties and roles a Licensed TX REALTOR has to you and which type of agent you should hire……

    I hope you find this information as criticaly important as I do and that is something that you would consider worthy of editing to ensure we all are better informed.

    Robert Regan, REALTOR®
    R. K. Regan Team / Ultima Real Estate

    • Robert:
      Thanks for emphasizing the importance of that statement. Actually it was mentioned in the first paragraph. But I probably should have placed a greater emphasis on it than I did. Thanks for pointing that out. However I think you may have too liberal a definition of “Meaningful” however I admit the powers that be don’t really spell it out enough to satisfy me. I have heard that you are not required to hand one out at an open house to anyone coming to see the property or anyone calling to ask if a listing has gas heat or electric. That example was mentioned in a class I attended.

      A good rule of thumb is that when you think about bringing your listing presentation or any kind of contract, you need to also bring a few copies of the Info of Brokerage Svcs form too. Not only should you bring the form, you should keep a signed copy of it for your records so you can have proof they received it.

      Of course, for any agent following our advice. No matter what, you can’t go wrong going to the extent that Robert suggested.

  3. This post is very informative. I learned a lot! I am working on some of my brokerage forms and your post gave me some of the most important things that I need to know.

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